Class: Aves, Family: Phalacrocoracidae
Species: Phalacrocorax nigrogularis
Common Name: Socotra Cormorant
Description: Resident Breeder. Endemic to the Arabian Gulf and Souther Arabia including the Socotra Islands south of Yemen after which they are named. The Hawar breeding colony is the largest in the world. Adults are completely black from head to toe. They rarely fly over land; long dark thin lines of Socotra can be seen flying over the sea. Rated as ‘threatened’ by the IUCN because of the vulnerability of the small number of breeding colonies and the high level of human disturbance in the Gulf.
Information Source: Bahrain First National Report to the CBD (2006); Birds of Dilmun (2014)